Spanish Pavilion

Expo Shangai 2010


The study Catalan EMBT - Enric Miralles Benedetta Tagliabue Arquitects Associats has designed and built the Spanish Pavilion for the World Exposition Shanghai 2010.

The architect Benedetta Tagliabue has directed the innovative structural design, which combines a modern steel frame with a traditional wicker frame facade. There is also another new element in the façade: the panels were created and assembled to form a series of Chinese characters by way 'of mosaic, with references to natural elements as re Quail (sun) or Yue (moon).

It 'was possible to create these characters through the natural brown wicker when boiled. The Chinese characters on the facade are compounds symbol of harmony between China and Spain, as well as reference to the exchange between eastern and western culture between the two countries. Most of all, the symbols - sun and moon - are clear references to nature, two fundamental concepts in Oriental philosophy, which express the world as it is based on a duality.

Benedetta Tagliabue has incorporated these elements in the poetry reading of the link between China and Spain, expressing a strong message of the report to be retained in their future, gently picked up by wind and diffuse through it, all over the country. The symbols are not always visible on the facade, are accentuated by the brilliance of the day and the soft ripple of the facades of the pavilion, so as to communicate the message in a playful when the visitor is coming to the pavilion.

The building, 7624 m2, built on a foundation of 6,000 m2, it combines the sustainability of over 8200 panels of wicker with a glass and steel structure, technologically advanced. The tubular metal frame requires advanced technology to meet the complex structural geometry and high testing this approach constructively. The property was signed by engineer Julio Martínez Calzón study MC2. The building is characterized by curved, so it requires a structure that can be adapted and can meet all the requirements of the pavilion.
The wicker is a traditional and sustainable materials that is re-invented for this pavilion. Each panel, hand, was produced in the traditional way in both China and Spain. Each of the 8200 modules that make up the facade were transported from the provinces of Northeast China, Shandong, to be tied together, one by one, with 25 km of steel tube.